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Oxford University Press, Bioinformatics, 3(33), p. 432-434, 2016

DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btw641



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Assocplots: a Python package for static and interactive visualization of multiple-group GWAS results

Journal article published in 2016 by Ekaterina A. Khramtsova ORCID, Barbara E. Stranger
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Abstract Summary Over the last decade, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have generated vast amounts of analysis results, requiring development of novel tools for data visualization. Quantile–quantile (QQ) plots and Manhattan plots are classical tools which have been utilized to visually summarize GWAS results and identify genetic variants significantly associated with traits of interest. However, static visualizations are limiting in the information that can be shown. Here, we present Assocplots, a Python package for viewing and exploring GWAS results not only using classic static Manhattan and QQ plots, but also through a dynamic extension which allows to interactively visualize the relationships between GWAS results from multiple cohorts or studies. Availability and Implementation The Assocplots package is open source and distributed under the MIT license via GitHub ( along with examples, documentation and installation instructions.