TP53 hotspot mutations are predictive of survival in primary central nervous system lymphoma patients treated with combination chemotherapy

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Abstract Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is an aggressive variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) confined to the CNS. TP53 mutations ( MUT-TP53 ) were investigated in the context of MIR34A/B/C - and DAPK promoter methylation status, and associated with clinical outcomes in PCNSL patients. In a total of 107 PCNSL patients clinical data were recorded, histopathology reassessed, and genetic and epigenetic aberrations of the p53-miR34-DAPK network studied. TP53 mutational status (exon 5–8), with structural classification of single nucleotide variations according to the IARC-TP53-Database, methylation status of MIR34A/B/C and DAPK, and p53-protein expression were assessed. The 57/107 (53.2 %) patients that were treated with combination chemotherapy +/− rituximab (CCT-treated) had a significantly better median overall survival (OS) (31.3 months) than patients treated with other regimens (high-dose methotrexate/whole brain radiation therapy, 6.0 months, or no therapy, 0.83 months), P