Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Genes and Development, 24(24), p. 2772-2777
Prmt5, an arginine methyltransferase, has multiple roles in germ cells, and possibly in pluripotency. Here we show that loss of Prmt5 function is early embryonic-lethal due to the abrogation of pluripotent cells in blastocysts. Prmt5 is also up-regulated in the cytoplasm during the derivation of embryonic stem (ES) cells together with Stat3, where they persist to maintain pluripotency. Prmt5 in association with Mep50 methylates cytosolic histone H2A (H2AR3me2s) to repress differentiation genes in ES cells. Loss of Prmt5 or Mep50 results in derepression of differentiation genes, indicating the significance of the Prmt5/Mep50 complex for pluripotency, which may occur in conjunction with the leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF)/Stat3 pathway.