Springer Nature [academic journals on nature.com], Leukemia, 7(11), p. 1160-1165, 1997
Expression of the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is an independent prognostic variable in acute myeloid leukemia. Approximately 43-57% of the patients have P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression. A major drawback with the interpretation of P-gp data in AML is the lack of coherence with different analytical assays. We have focused our efforts of P-gp detection on flow cytometry using a dual technique of P-gp staining with antibodies for the extracellular epitope (MRK16) and a functional analysis of P-gp using the rhodamine efflux assay and the effect of P-gp inhibitors such as SDZ PSC 833. This technique was combined with the staining of lineage-specific antigens such as CD34, CD56 and c-kit. In this way, various subsets of AML cells can be identified such as MRK 16+/-, CD34+/- blasts. These cells can be sorted for further analysis, such as the molecular expression of P-gp and other pleiotropic drug resistance genes.