Spatial and temporal variations in PM10 and PM2.5 across Madrid metropolitan area in 1999–2008
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This paper presents a summary of the results obtained from the particulate matter (PM) data collected over the 1999–2008 period from representative sites of the Madrid air basin (an urban traffic site, an urban background site and a rural site) which is located in the centre of Spain. A number of PM10 and PM2.5 filters were obtained with high volume samplers and cut-off inlets and chemically analyzed. Pollutants recorded in this area at the Air Quality monitoring stations were also analyzed. The influence of the atmospheric transport scenarios on the levels of PM was investigated by means of atmospheric back-trajectories, satellite imagery and meteorological synoptic charts. Source apportionment studies were performed to characterize the main PM sources whenever was possible. Their contributions to bulk PM levels showed clear spatial patterns, linked to characteristic meteorological scenarios.