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Springer Nature [academic journals on], Leukemia, 5(16), p. 833-839, 2002

DOI: 10.1038/sj.leu.2402496



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Increased expression of the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) in relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML)

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Expression of the multidrug resistance proteins P-glycoprotein, encoded by the MDR1 gene, multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1) and the lung resistance-related protein or major vault protein (LRP/MVP) is associated with clinical resistance to chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Recently, the breast cancer-resistant protein (BCRP), the equivalent of mitoxantrone-resistant protein (MXR) or placental ABC transporter (ABCP), was described in AML. We investigated MDR1, MRP1, LRP/MVP and BCRP mRNA expression simultaneously in 20 paired clinical AML samples from diagnosis and relapse or refractory disease, using quantitative Taqman analysis. In addition, standard assays for P-glycoprotein expression and function were performed. BCRP was the only resistance protein that was expressed at a significantly higher RNA level (median 1.7-fold, P = 0.04) at relapsed/refractory state as compared to diagnosis. In contrast, LRP/MVP mRNA expression decreased as disease evolved (P = 0.02), whereas MDR1 and MRP1 mRNA levels were not different at relapse as compared to diagnosis. Also, at the protein level no difference of MDR1 between diagnosis and relapse was found. A significant co-expression of BCRP and MDR1 was found at diagnosis (r = 0.47, P = 0.04). The present results suggest that BCRP, but not MDR1, MRP1 or LRP/MVP is associated with clinical resistant disease in AML.