Published in

American Association for Cancer Research, Clinical Cancer Research, 22(19), p. 6296-6304, 2013

DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-13-0485



Export citation

Search in Google Scholar

Phase I pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of the first-in-class spliceosome inhibitor E7107 in patients with advanced solid tumors

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

Full text: Download

Green circle
Preprint: archiving allowed
Orange circle
Postprint: archiving restricted
Red circle
Published version: archiving forbidden
Data provided by SHERPA/RoMEO


Abstract Purpose: To assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical activity of E7107 administered as 5-minute bolus infusions on days 1, 8, and 15 in a 28-day schedule. Experimental Design: Patients with solid tumors refractory to standard therapies or with no standard treatment available were enrolled. Dose levels of 0.6 to 4.5 mg/m2 were explored. Results: Forty patients [24M/16F, median age 61 years (45–79)] were enrolled. At 4.5 mg/m2, dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) consisted of grade 3 diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting and grade 4 diarrhea, respectively, in two patients. At 4.0 mg/m2, DLT (grade 3 nausea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps) was observed in one patient. Frequently occurring side effects were mainly gastrointestinal. After drug discontinuation at 4.0 mg/m2, one patient experienced reversible grade 4 blurred vision. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is 4.0 mg/m2. No complete or partial responses during treatment were observed; one patient at 4.0 mg/m2 had a confirmed partial response after drug discontinuation. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed a large volume of distribution, high systemic clearance, and a plasma elimination half-life of 5.3 to 15.1 hours. Overall drug exposure increased in a dose-dependent manner. At the MTD, mRNA levels of selected target genes monitored in peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed a reversible 15- to 25-fold decrease, whereas unspliced pre-mRNA levels of DNAJB1 and EIF4A1 showed a reversible 10- to 25-fold increase. Conclusion: The MTD for E7107 using this schedule is 4.0 mg/m2. Pharmacokinetics is dose-dependent and reproducible within patients. Pharmacodynamic analysis revealed dose-dependent reversible inhibition of pre-mRNA processing of target genes, confirming proof-of-principle activity of E7107. Clin Cancer Res; 19(22); 6296–304. ©2013 AACR.