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MDPI, Cancers, 8(13), p. 1964, 2021

DOI: 10.3390/cancers13081964



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The Pan-Immune-Inflammation-Value Predicts the Survival of Patients with Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)—Positive Advanced Breast Cancer Treated with First-Line Taxane-Trastuzumab-Pertuzumab

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Data provided by SHERPA/RoMEO


Different peripheral blood parameters have emerged as prognostic biomarkers in breast cancer (BC), but their predictive role in Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor 2 positive (HER2+) advanced BC (aBC) patients receiving dual anti-HER2 blockade remains unclear. We evaluated the impact of the Pan-Immune-Inflammatory Value (PIV), defined as the product of peripheral blood neutrophil, platelet, and monocyte counts divided by lymphocyte counts, on the prognosis of HER2+ aBC patients treated with first line trastuzumab-pertuzumab-based biochemotherapy. We also evaluated the association between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and the monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and clinical outcomes. Cox regression models were used to estimate the impact of these variables, as well as of other clinically relevant covariates, on patient survival. We included 57 HER2+ aBC patients treated with taxane-trastuzumab-pertuzumab in our Institution. High baseline MLR, PLR, and PIV were similarly predictive of worse PFS at univariate analysis, but only high PIV was associated with a trend toward worse PFS at multivariable analysis. Regarding OS, both high PIV and MLR were associated with significantly worse patient survival at univariate analysis, but only the PIV was statistically significantly associated with worse overall survival at multivariable analysis (HR 7.96; 95% CI: 2.18–29.09). Our study reveals the PIV as a new and potent predictor of OS in HER2+ aBC patients treated with first line trastuzumab-pertuzumab-containing biochemotherapy. Prospective studies are needed to validate this new prognostic parameter in HER2+ aBC.