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Wiley, small methods, 2024

DOI: 10.1002/smtd.202301197



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Ultrasound Mediated Polymerization for Cell Delivery, Drug Delivery, and 3D Printing

Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher

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AbstractSafe and accurate in situ delivery of biocompatible materials is a fundamental requirement for many biomedical applications. These include sustained and local drug release, implantation of acellular biocompatible scaffolds, and transplantation of cells and engineered tissues for functional restoration of damaged tissues and organs. The common practice today includes highly invasive operations with major risks of surgical complications including adjacent tissue damage, infections, and long healing periods. In this work, a novel non‐invasive delivery method is presented for scaffold, cells, and drug delivery deep into the body to target inner tissues. This technology is based on acousto‐sensitive materials which are polymerized by ultrasound induction through an external transducer in a rapid and local fashion without additional photoinitiators or precursors. The applicability of this technology is demonstrated for viable and functional cell delivery, for drug delivery with sustained release profiles, and for 3D printing. Moreover, the mechanical properties of the delivered scaffold can be tuned to the desired target tissue as well as controlling the drug release profile. This promising technology may shift the paradigm for local and non‐invasive material delivery approach in many clinical applications as well as a new printing method – “acousto‐printing” for 3D printing and in situ bioprinting.