Published in

De Gruyter, Radiochimica Acta, 0(0), 2024

DOI: 10.1515/ract-2023-0194



Export citation

Search in Google Scholar

Nanocrystalline Ce(OH)<sub>4</sub>-based materials: ruthenium selective adsorbent for highly alkaline radioactive liquid waste

Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher

Full text: Unavailable

Red circle
Preprint: archiving forbidden
Red circle
Postprint: archiving forbidden
Orange circle
Published version: archiving restricted
Data provided by SHERPA/RoMEO


Abstract Cerium hydroxide, Ce(OH)4 (Ce), has been synthesised and assessed as a Ru-selective adsorbent for treating alkaline radioactive liquid waste. Infrared spectroscopy, thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy investigations confirmed the successful formation of nanocrystalline Ce from Ce(NO3)3·6H2O. Selective removal of 106Ru from the ion-exchange effluent of intermediate-level liquid waste (ILW) by Ce was assessed using a high-pure germanium (HPGe) gamma-ray spectrometer. The calculated average distribution coefficient (k D) was ∼200 mL/g. The percentage removal of 106Ru using Ce by varying time, [106Ru] and [Ce] was calculated. The adsorption of 106Ru on Ce follows pseudo-second-order and Freundlich isotherms. The calculated Q max was 93,584 Bq/g. Accelerated leaching studies of the Ru-laden Ce cement product were carried out and found suitable for transport and disposal. Further, Ce-Polyether sulphone (Ce-PES) and Ce-Chitosan (CeC) composites were prepared and assessed for their Ru-uptake capacity for engineering scale application.