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BMJ Publishing Group, RMD Open, 3(9), p. e003443, 2023

DOI: 10.1136/rmdopen-2023-003443



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Developing a framework for the implementation of recommendations for lifestyle factors for people with RMDs across Europe: assessment of current materials and implementation needs

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Lifestyle factors (such as diet, physical activity or smoking habits, among others) are known to influence the progression of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). Despite contemporary improvements in RMD care, the management of lifestyle factors is suboptimal. In the context of a recent European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (EULAR) task force, existing informative materials regarding lifestyle factors for people with RMDs were collected from national organisations across European countries. Current materials show important limitations in terms of coverage, literature support and access, which may make the implementation of successful interventions difficult. In the present viewpoint, a roadmap to cover these gaps at the European level with the recent EULAR recommendations on lifestyle factors is discussed from an implementation perspective. This analysis may pave the ground for future implementation endeavours at the European level related to non-pharmacological interventions that may also be applicable beyond rheumatology.