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De Gruyter, Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 3(60), p. 379-385, 2021

DOI: 10.1515/cclm-2021-1029



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Method comparison of three serum free light chain assays on the Roche Cobas 6000 c501 chemistry analyzer

Journal article published in 2021 by Dieuwertje Augustijn ORCID, Joannes F. M. Jacobs, Henk Russcher
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher

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Abstract Objectives Free light chains (FLC) are important in the diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of therapy response of patients with monoclonal gammopathies. In this study, we performed a method comparison of three FLC assays on the Cobas 6000 c501 chemistry analyzer of Roche Diagnostics. Methods Samples of 119 patients with various monoclonal gammopathies and 26 control patients were measured with the Freelite (The Binding Site), Diazyme (Diazyme Laboratories) and KLoneus (Trimero Diagnostics) FLC assays. A method comparison was performed and reference intervals of the three assays were validated. Results The analysis of the Bland-Altman agreement showed bias between the three FLC assays, ranging from −62.7 to 5.1% for κFLC and between −29.2 to 80.5% for λFLC. The Freelite and Diazyme assays have the highest agreement. The concordance of the FLC-ratio ranges from 41 to 75%, with the highest concordance between the Freelite and KLoneus assays. The FLC-ratio in 25 sera from healthy controls were within the reference ranges of the Freelite and KLoneus assays. The FLC-ratio was elevated in all 25 samples tested with the Diazyme assay. Conclusions The agreement for the free light chains is highest between the Freelite and the Diazyme assay and fair for the KLoneus assay. However, concordance of the FLC-ratio is highest when the Freelite and KLoneus assays were compared. Our data suggest that concordance for the Diazyme assay could be improved by recalibration. Because of absolute differences between the three methods in individual patients, none of the three FLC assays can be used interchangeably.