Published in

Wiley Open Access, Human Brain Mapping, 7(44), p. 2778-2789, 2023

DOI: 10.1002/hbm.26244



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Reproducibility of cerebral perfusion measurements using BOLD delay

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Data provided by SHERPA/RoMEO


AbstractBOLD delay is an emerging, noninvasive method for assessing cerebral perfusion that does not require the use of intravenous contrast agents and is thus particularly suited for longitudinal monitoring. In this study, we assess the reproducibility of BOLD delay using data from 136 subjects with normal cerebral perfusion scanned on two separate occasions with scanners, sequence parameters, and intervals between scans varying between subjects. The effects of various factors on the reproducibility of BOLD delay, defined here as the differences in BOLD delay values between the scanning sessions, were investigated using a linear mixed model. Reproducibility was additionally assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient of BOLD delay between sessions. Reproducibility was highest in the posterior cerebral artery territory. The mean BOLD delay test–retest difference after accounting for the aforementioned factors was 1.2 s (95% CI = 1.0 to 1.4 s). Overall, BOLD delay shows good reproducibility, but care should be taken when interpreting longitudinal BOLD delay changes that are either very small or are located in certain brain regions.