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Wiley Open Access, Journal of the American Heart Association, 12(11), 2022

DOI: 10.1161/jaha.121.025582



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Corin Missense Variants, Blood Pressure, and Hypertension in 11 322 Black Individuals: Insights From REGARDS and the Jackson Heart Study

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Background Corin enzyme contributes to the processing of inactive natriuretic peptides to bioactive hormones. In Black individuals, Corin gene variants (rs111253292 [Q568P] and rs75770792 [T555I]) have been previously reported to have a modest association with blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Methods and Results We evaluated the association of Corin genotype with BP traits, prevalent hypertension, and incident hypertension among self‐identified 11 322 Black Americans in the REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) study and the JHS (Jackson Heart Study) using multivariable‐adjusted regression modeling. Multivariable‐adjusted genotype‐stratified differences in NT‐proBNP (N‐terminal pro‐B‐type natriuretic peptide) and BNP (B‐type natriuretic peptide) levels were assessed. Genotype‐stratified NPPA and NPPB expression differences in healthy organ donor left atrial and left ventricular heart tissue (N=15) were also examined. The rs111253292 genotype was not associated with systolic BP (β±SE, 0.42±0.58; −1.24±0.82), diastolic BP (0.51±0.33; −0.41±0.46), mean arterial pressure (0.48±0.38; −0.68±0.51), and prevalent hypertension (odds ratio [OR], 0.93 [95% CI, 0.80–1.09]; OR, 0.79 [95% CI, 0.61–1.01]) in both REGARDS and JHS, respectively. The rs75770792 genotype was not associated with systolic BP (0.48±0.58; −1.26±0.81), diastolic BP (0.52±0.33; −0.33±0.45), mean arterial pressure (0.50±0.38; −0.63±0.50), and prevalent hypertension (OR, 1.02 [95% CI, 0.84–1.23]; OR, 0.87 [95% CI, 0.67–1.13]) in both cohorts, respectively. The Corin genotype was also not associated with incident hypertension (OR, 1.35 [95% CI, 0.94–1.93]; OR, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.64–1.39]) in the study cohorts. The NT‐proBNP levels in REGARDS and BNP levels in JHS were similar between the Corin genotype groups. In heart tissue, the NPPA and NPPB expression was similar between the genotype groups. Conclusions Corin gene variants observed more commonly in Black individuals are not associated with differences in NP expression, circulating NP levels, and BP or hypertension as previously reported in candidate gene studies. Understanding the genetic determinants of complex cardiovascular traits in underrepresented populations requires further evaluation.