Published in

SAGE Publications, Public Understanding of Science, p. 096366252311539, 2023

DOI: 10.1177/09636625231153985



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Who makes AI? Gender and portrayals of AI scientists in popular film, 1920–2020

Journal article published in 2023 by Stephen Cave ORCID, Kanta Dihal ORCID, Eleanor Drage ORCID, Kerry McInerney ORCID
This paper is available in a repository.
This paper is available in a repository.

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It is well established both that women are underrepresented in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) and that media representations of professions have impact on career choices and prospects. We therefore hypothesised that women are underrepresented in portrayals of AI researchers in influential films. We tested this by analysing a corpus of the 142 most influential films featuring AI from 1920 to 2020, of which 86 showed one or more AI researchers, totalling 116 individuals. We found that nine AI professionals in film were women (8%). We further found that none of the 142 AI films was solely directed by a woman. We discuss a number of explanations for the paucity of women AI scientists in the media, including parallels between film and real-life gender inequality, the construction of the AI scientist as male through gendered narrative tropes, and the lack of female directors.