American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Journal of Neurosurgery, p. 1-7, 2022
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OBJECTIVE Meningiomas are the most common primary intracranial tumors, and their clinical and biological characteristics vary by location. Convexity, parasagittal, and falx meningiomas account for approximately 50%–65% of intracranial meningiomas. Focusing only on these locations, the aim of this study was to determine the typical speed of tumor growth, to assess the growth risk, and to show the possible tumor volume that many lesions can reach after 5 years. METHODS Patients with radiologically suspected convexity, parasagittal, or falx meningiomas at the authors’ institution were studied retrospectively. The relative growth rate (RGR) and annual volume change (AVC) were calculated from MRI at more than 3-month intervals. Based on sex, age, and signal intensity on T2-weighted MRI, the cases were classified into three groups: extremely high-growth, high-growth, and low-growth groups. RESULTS The data of 313 cases were analyzed. The median RGR and AVC for this entire cohort were 6.1% (interquartile range [IQR] 2.4%–16.0%) and 0.20 (IQR 0.04–1.18) cm3/year, respectively. There were significant differences in sex (p = 0.018) and T2-weighted MRI signal intensity (p < 0.001) for RGR, and T2-weighted MRI signal intensity (p < 0.001), tumor location (p = 0.025), and initial tumor volume (p < 0.001) for AVC. The median RGR and AVC were 17.5% (IQR 8.3%–44.1%) and 1.05 (IQR 0.18–3.53) cm3/year, 8.2% (IQR 2.9%–18.6%) and 0.33 (IQR 0.06–1.66) cm3/year, and 3.4% (IQR 1.2%–5.8%) and 0.04 (IQR 0.02–0.21) cm3/year for the extremely high-growth, high-growth, and low-growth groups, respectively, with a significant difference among the groups (p < 0.001). A 2.24-times, or 5.24 cm3, increase in tumor volume over 5 years was typical in the extremely high-growth group, whereas the low-growth group showed little change in tumor volume even over a 5-year follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS For the first time, the typical speed of tumor growth was calculated, focusing only on patients with convexity, parasagittal, and falx meningiomas. In addition, the possible tumor volume that many lesions in these locations can reach after 5 years was shown based on objective indicators. These results may allow clinicians to easily detect lesions that require frequent follow-up or early treatment by determining whether they deviate from the typical range of the growth rate, similar to a growth chart for children.