Oxford University Press (OUP), Neuro-Oncology, Supplement_3(22), p. iii355-iii355, 2020
Abstract INTRODUCTION Pediatric low-grade gliomas (pLGG) show clinical and biological features that are distinct from their adult counterparts. Consequently, additional considerations are needed for response assessment in children compared to the established adult Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria. Standardized response criteria in pediatric clinical trials are lacking, complicating comparisons of responses across studies. We therefore established an international committee of the Radiologic Assessment in Pediatric Neuro-Oncology (RAPNO) working group to develop consensus recommendations for response assessment in pLGG. METHODS The committee consisted of 25 international experts in the areas of Pediatric Neuro-Oncology, Neuroradiology and Neurosurgery. The committee first developed a set of agreed upon topics they deemed necessary to understand the controversies of imaging utilization and assessment in pLGG. These topics were divided up among the committee members who presented all available literature to the entire RAPNO committee via web teleconference. Once presented, the group discussed these data and developed consensus statements and recommendations based on available literature, committee expertise and clinical experience. Each topic was discussed until a consensus was reached. RESULTS Final consensus included recommendations about the following topics: specific imaging sequences, advanced imaging techniques, NF1-associated pLGG, molecular and histologic classification, assessment of cysts, vision and other functional outcomes as well as overall radiologic response assessment. CONCLUSIONS The RAPNO pLGG consensus establishes systemic recommendations that represent an initial effort to uniformly collect and assess response in pLGG. These recommendations should now be evaluated internationally and prospectively in an effort to assess clinical utility, validate and modify as appropriate.