Published in

The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, 2020

DOI: 10.1093/jalm/jfaa054



Export citation

Search in Google Scholar

Single-Tube Multimarker Assay for Estimating the Risk to Develop Preeclampsia

Journal article published in 2020 by Kaspar Ratnik, Kristiina Rull, Ele Hanson, Kalle Kisand, Maris Laan ORCID
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher

Full text: Unavailable

Red circle
Preprint: archiving forbidden
Red circle
Postprint: archiving forbidden
Red circle
Published version: archiving forbidden
Data provided by SHERPA/RoMEO


Abstract Background Preeclampsia (PE) affects 2%–8% of all pregnancies worldwide. The predictive value of the currently used maternal serum fms-like tyrosine kinase-1/ placental growth factor (sFlt-1/PlGF) test is < 40% for PE onset within 4 weeks. We aimed to develop an innovative multiplex assay to improve PE prediction. Methods The 6PLEX assay combining the measurements of ADAM12, sENG, leptin, PlGF, sFlt-1, and PTX3 was developed for the Luminex® xMAP platform. Assay performance was evaluated using 61 serum samples drawn from 53 pregnant women between 180 and 275 gestational days: diagnosed PE cases, n = 4; cases with PE onset within 4–62 days after sampling, n = 25; controls, n = 32. The B·R·A·H·M·S Kryptor sFlt-1/PlGF test (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Hennigsdorf, Germany) was applied as an external reference. Alternative PE prediction formulae combining 6PLEX measurements with clinical parameters were developed. Results There was a high correlation in sFlt-1/PlGF estimated for individual sera between the 6PLEX and B·R·A·H·M·S Kryptor immunoassays (Spearman’s r = 0.93, P < 0.0001). The predictive power of the 6PLEX combined with gestational age and maternal weight at sampling reached AUC 0.99 (95% CI 0.97–1.00) with sensitivity 100.0% and specificity 96.9%. In all models, sFlt-1/PlGF derived from the B·R·A·H·M·S immunoassays exhibited the lowest AUC value (<0.87) and sensitivity (<80%) with broad confidence intervals (13%–92%). The estimated prognostic yield of the 6PLEX compared to the B·R·A·H·M·S assay was significantly higher (96.5% vs 73.7%; P = 0.0005). Conclusions The developed single-tube multimarker assay for PE risk estimation in combination with clinical symptoms reached high prognostic yield (96.5%) and exhibited superior performance compared to the sFlt-1/PlGF test.