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Karger Publishers, Neonatology, 4(113), p. 296-304, 2018

DOI: 10.1159/000486188



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A Combination of the Aerosolized PPAR-γ Agonist Pioglitazone and a Synthetic Surfactant Protein B Peptide Mimic Prevents Hyperoxia-Induced Neonatal Lung Injury in Rats

This paper was not found in any repository, but could be made available legally by the author.
This paper was not found in any repository, but could be made available legally by the author.

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<b><i>Background:</i></b> Despite improvements in perinatal care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely premature infants has not decreased. Postnatal surfactant therapy provides symptomatic relief from respiratory distress syndrome, but does not translate into a reduction in BPD. Therefore, the search for effective interventions to prevent BPD continues. <b><i>Objectives:</i></b> Since PPAR-γ agonists have been demonstrated to promote neonatal lung maturation and injury repair, we hypothesized that a formulation of a PPAR-γ agonist, pioglitazone (PGZ) and a synthetic lung surfactant (a surfactant protein B peptide mimic, B-YL) combined would stimulate lung maturation and block hyperoxia-induced neonatal lung injury more effectively than either modality alone. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> One-day-old Sprague-Dawley rat pups were administered PGZ + B-YL via nebulization every 24 h for up to 72 h. The pups were exposed to either 21 or 95% O<sub>2</sub>, and then sacrificed. Their lungs were examined for markers of lung maturation (levels of PPAR-γ, SP-C and choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase [CCT-α] and [<sup>3</sup>H]triolein uptake) and injury repair (bronchoalveolar lavage cell count and protein content, and levels of LEF-1, fibronectin, ALK5, and β-catenin) by Western blot analysis. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Markers of alveolar epithelial/mesenchymal maturation (PPAR-γ, SP-C, CCT-α, and triolein uptake) increased significantly in the PGZ + B-YL group, more than with either drug alone. Similarly, markers of hyperoxia-induced lung injury were blocked effectively with PGZ + B-YL treatment. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> Nebulized PPAR-γ agonist PGZ with a synthetic lung surfactant accelerates lung maturation and prevents neonatal hyperoxia-induced lung injury more than either modality alone, with the potential to provide more effective prevention of BPD.