Springer Nature [academic journals on nature.com] (Hybrid Journals)

Preprint: archiving allowed.

Postprint: archiving restricted:

  • 6 months embargo

Published version: archiving forbidden.


  • Author's pre-print applies to research content only (excludes reviews)
  • On authors personal webpage, institutional repository or funder repository
  • Non-commercial use only
  • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
  • Authors retain copyright
  • Published source must be acknowledged and DOI cited
  • Must link to publisher version
  • Author post-prints of subscription articles are subject to Springer Nature re-use terms
  • Research content only (excludes reviews)
  • This policy is an exception to the default policies of ''

Policy details