Robust GNSS Services for Road Transportation: Analysis and studies to mitigate GNSS threats in the road transportation sector

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The application of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) services in the road transportation sector has substantially increased in recent years. Position Velocity and Time (PVT) information is playing and will play even more in the future a crucial role in all aspects of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technologies. There are many ITS applications which benefit from the use of GNSS services like active safety, advanced driver assistance, road tolling, digital tachograph, fleet management. In the near future, autonomous driving and Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) will strongly depend on the position and localization technologies. The goal of this report is to provide an overview of the activities carried on in 2016 in the unit E.2 and E.3 in the context described above. In particular, the following activities were carried out: 1. Experimental campaigns of jamming of GNSS signals in a road transportation context. 2. Analysis and experimental evaluation of authentication of a GNSS receiver using the physical properties of the GNSS receiver itself. 3. Experimental evaluation of augmented GNSS using Inertial Mounted Unit (IMU) systems with Extended Kalmann Filterings (EKFs) and Particle Filterings (PFs). 4. Preliminary evaluation of the authentication of the Galileo OS. In some cases, the analysis was performed and published in the form of a scientific paper submitted to a journal or a conference. While this report provides a summary of the results from the scientific papers, the details of the analysis are in the papers themselves. The papers are provided as annexes. ; JRC.E.3-Cyber and Digital Citizens' Security