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Oxford University Press (OUP), Human Molecular Genetics, 22(19), p. 4373-4384

DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddq358



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The Huntington's disease mutation impairs Huntingtin's role in the transport of NF-κB from the synapse to the nucleus

Journal article published in 2010 by Edoardo Marcora ORCID, Mary B. Kennedy
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Expansion of a polyglutamine (polyQ) tract in the Huntingtin (Htt) protein causes Huntington's disease (HD), a fatal inherited neurodegenerative disorder. Loss of the normal function of Htt is thought to be an important pathogenetic component of HD. However, the function of wild-type Htt is not well defined. Htt is thought to be a multifunctional protein that plays distinct roles in several biological processes, including synaptic transmission, intracellular transport and neuronal transcription. Here, we show with biochemical and live cell imaging studies that wild-type Htt stimulates the transport of nuclear factor κ light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) out of dendritic spines (where NF-κB is activated by excitatory synaptic input) and supports a high level of active NF-κB in neuronal nuclei (where NF-κB stimulates the transcription of target genes). We show that this novel function of Htt is impaired by the polyQ expansion and thus may contribute to the etiology of HD.