Published in

MDPI, Journal of Clinical Medicine, 16(12), p. 5226, 2023

DOI: 10.3390/jcm12165226

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Change in Androgenic Status and Cardiometabolic Profile of Middle-Aged Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Data provided by SHERPA/RoMEO

Abstract

Understanding the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) at reproductive age is crucial. To investigate this, we compared the cardiometabolic profiles of different PCOS groups over a median interval of 15.8 years. The study focused on three groups: (1) women with PCOS who were hyperandrogenic at both initial and follow-up screening (HA-HA), (2) those who transitioned from hyperandrogenic to normoandrogenic (HA-NA), and (3) those who remained normoandrogenic (NA-NA). At initial and follow-up screenings, both HA-HA and HA-NA groups showed higher body mass indexes compared to the NA-NA group. Additionally, at follow-up, the HA-HA and HA-NA groups exhibited higher blood pressure, a higher prevalence of hypertension, elevated serum triglycerides and insulin levels, and lower levels of HDL cholesterol compared to the NA-NA group. Even after adjusting for BMI, significant differences persisted in HDL cholesterol levels and hypertension prevalence among the groups (HA-HA: 53.8%, HA-NA: 53.1%, NA-NA: 14.3%, p < 0.01). However, calcium scores and the prevalence of coronary plaques on CT scans were similar across all groups. In conclusion, women with PCOS and hyperandrogenism during their reproductive years exhibited an unfavorable cardiometabolic profile during their post-reproductive years, even if they changed to a normoandrogenic status.