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The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, 2022

DOI: 10.1093/jalm/jfac051

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Preliminary Reproducibility Evaluation of a Phage Susceptibility Testing Method Using a Collection of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus Phages

Journal article published in 2022 by Scott A. Cunningham ORCID, Jayawant N. Mandrekar, Gina Suh ORCID, Robin Patel ORCID
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher

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Abstract

Abstract Background Increasing antimicrobial resistance combined with a lagging pipeline of novel antimicrobial compounds have resulted in a resurgence of interest in phage therapy. To select optimal phage or phage combinations for patients for whom phage therapy is considered, assessment of activity of a panel of phages against the patients’ bacterial isolate(s) should ideally be performed. Classical phage susceptibility testing methods (i.e., agar overlay) may be laborious, with expertise outside of normal training and competency of medical laboratory science staff needed. Content Adaptive Phage Therapeutics™ leveraged a commercially available phenotyping system (Biolog OmniLog®) to generate the PhageBank Susceptibility Test™, which uses a custom data analysis pipeline (PhageSelect™) to measure the delay in reaching log-phase metabolic activity (“hold time”) when a given isolate is challenged with a specific phage. The goal of this study was to preliminarily assess reproducibility of this approach by testing 2 bacterial species at 2 sites, APT and an academic site. Nineteen Escherichia coli phages were tested against 18 bacterial isolates, and 21 Staphylococcus aureus phages, against 11 bacterial isolates. Result comparisons were statistically excellent for E. coli (κ = 0.7990) and good/fair for S. aureus (κ = 0.6360). Summary The described method provides good/fair to excellent statistical reproducibility for assessment of phage susceptibility of 2 commonly encountered bacterial species.