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Public Library of Science, PLoS ONE, 9(16), p. e0257419, 2021

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0257419



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Prevalence and molecular characterization of antibiotic resistance and associated genes in Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates: A clinical observational study in different hospitals in Chattogram, Bangladesh

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Objective This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of multidrug resistance and molecular characterization of Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPN) from clinical isolates in the southern region of Bangladesh. Additional analysis of the prevalence of blaNDM-1, blaSHV-11, uge genes of KPN was also carried out among these clinical isolates. Method The study was carried out using 1000 clinical isolates collected from two different hospitals of Chattogram. A drug susceptibility test was performed by the disk diffusion method to detect KPN’s response to 16 antibiotics. The presence of antibiotic-resistant and (or) virulent genes blaNDM-1, blaSHV-11, uge were investigated using the PCR technique. Isolates having blaNDM-1, blaSHV-11, uge gene were further validated by sequencing followed by phylogenetic analysis. Phylogenetic relationships among these isolates were determined by Clustal omega and MEGA7. Result A total of 79%, 77%, 74.9%, 71%, 66% and 65% isolates exhibited resistance against cefuroxime, cefixime, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefepime and ceftriaxone respectively. The frequency of resistance to other antibiotics varied from 26.5% to 61.8%. PCR analysis showed that 64% of strains harbored blaNDM-1 gene, and 38% strains harbored blaSHV-11 gene. Moreover, 47% of samples were carrying uge gene, and 19% of samples carried blaNDM-1, blaSHV-11, uge genes together. Conclusion In this study, we’ve analysed the pattern of expression as well as prevalence of blaNDM-1, blaSHV-11, and uge genes in Klebsiella isolates. Upon molecular and statistical analysis, we found a high prevalence of multi-drug resistance KPN strains in the isolates. The Klebsiella isolates were confirmed to harbor multiple ESBL genes and 64% of the isolates were found to be producing NDM-1. As multidrug resistance is an alarming issue, continuous surveillance and routine clinical detection of resistant bacteria and plasmids are necessary to prevent catastrophic public health incidents.