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Magnolia Press, Phytotaxa, 1(487), p. 26-40, 2021

DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.487.1.2

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Cyathea Sm. (Cyatheaceae) on Trindade Island (Brazil): An integrative approach

Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher
Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher

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Abstract

Trindade is a Brazilian oceanic island approximately 1,100 km from the American mainland. The Cyathea Sm. plants from Trindade were originally considered an endemic species, Cyathea copelandii Kuhn & Luerssen, but later included in Cyathea delgadii Sternb. Based on molecular data (trnL-trnF, trnG-trnR and rbcL-accD), morphometric analysis of leaf characters, scanning electron microscopy of indusia and spores, and habitat suitability modeling, the present study confirms the status of C. copelandii as a synonym of C. delgadii. Intraspecific molecular variation suggests phylogeographic structuring in C. delgadii and differentiation between the coastal Atlantic Forest domain and the Cerrado domain (savanna) in the interior of Brazil. The Trindade populations are more closely related to the Atlantic Forest populations, indicating a colonization of the island from the latter area.