SAGE Publications, International Journal of Stroke, p. 174749302199196, 2021
Background and aim To investigate whether a striped occipital cortex and intragyral hemorrhage, two markers recently detected on ultra-high-field 7-tesla-magnetic resonance imaging in hereditary cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), also occur in sporadic CAA (sCAA) or non-sCAA intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods We performed 7-tesla-magnetic resonance imaging in patients with probable sCAA and patients with non-sCAA-ICH. Striped occipital cortex (linear hypointense stripes perpendicular to the cortex) and intragyral hemorrhage (hemorrhage restricted to the juxtacortical white matter of one gyrus) were scored on T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. We assessed the association between the markers, other CAA-magnetic resonance imaging markers and clinical features. Results We included 33 patients with sCAA (median age 70 years) and 29 patients with non-sCAA-ICH (median age 58 years). Striped occipital cortex was detected in one (3%) patient with severe sCAA. Five intragyral hemorrhages were found in four (12%) sCAA patients. The markers were absent in the non-sCAA-ICH group. Patients with intragyral hemorrhages had more lobar ICHs (median count 6.5 vs. 1.0), lobar microbleeds (median count >50 vs. 15), and lower median cognitive scores (Mini Mental State Exam: 20 vs. 28, Montreal Cognitive Assessment: 18 vs. 24) compared with patients with sCAA without intragyral hemorrhage. In 12 (36%) patients, sCAA diagnosis was changed to mixed-type small vessel disease due to deep bleeds previously unobserved on lower field-magnetic resonance imaging. Conclusion Whereas a striped occipital cortex is rare in sCAA, 12% of patients with sCAA have intragyral hemorrhages. Intragyral hemorrhages seem to be related to advanced disease and their absence in patients with non-sCAA-ICH could suggest specificity for CAA.