Wiley, NMR in Biomedicine, 2021
Introduction IDH1/2 wt glioblastoma (GB) represents the most lethal tumour of the central nervous system. Tumour vascularity is associated with overall survival (OS), and the clinical relevance of vascular markers, such as rCBV, has already been validated. Nevertheless, molecular and clinical factors may have different influences on the beneficial effect of a favourable vascular signature. Purpose To evaluate the association between the rCBV and OS of IDH1/2 wt GB patients for long-term survivors (LTSs) and short-term survivors (STSs). Given that initial high rCBV may affect the patient's OS in follow-up stages, we will assess whether a moderate vascularity is beneficial for OS in both groups of patients. Materials and methods Ninety-nine IDH1/2 wt GB patients were divided into LTSs (OS ≥ 400 days) and STSs (OS < 400 days). Mann-Whitney and Fisher, uni- and multiparametric Cox, Aalen’s additive regression and Kaplan-Meier tests were carried out. Tumour vascularity was represented by the mean rCBV of the high angiogenic tumour (HAT) habitat computed through the haemodynamic tissue signature methodology (available on the ONCOhabitats platform). Results For LTSs, we found a significant association between a moderate value of rCBVmean and higher OS (uni- and multiparametric Cox and Aalen’s regression) (p = 0.0140, HR = 1.19; p = 0.0085, HR = 1.22) and significant stratification capability (p = 0.0343). For the STS group, no association between rCBVmean and survival was observed. Moreover, no significant differences (p > 0.05) in gender, age, resection status, chemoradiation, or MGMT methylation were observed between LTSs and STSs. Conclusion We have found different prognostic and stratification effects of the vascular marker for the LTS and STS groups. We propose the use of rCBVmean at HAT as a vascular marker clinically relevant for LTSs with IDH1/2 wt GB and maybe as a potential target for randomized clinical trials focused on this group of patients.