American Heart Association, Stroke, 12(51), p. 3608-3612, 2020
Background and Purpose: The Edinburgh computed tomography and genetic criteria enable diagnosis of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) associated lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) but have not been validated in living patients. We assessed the sensitivity of the Edinburgh criteria in patients with acute lobar ICH due to Dutch-type hereditary CAA; a genetic and pure form of CAA. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed computed tomography-scans from a cohort of consecutive Dutch-type hereditary CAA patients who presented with ≥1 episode(s) of acute lobar ICH at the Leiden University Medical Center. Presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and finger-like projections (FLP) were determined. Association of SAH and FLP with ICH volume was analyzed using multivariate linear regression. Results: We included 55 Dutch-type hereditary CAA patients (mean age 56 years, 55% men) with a total of 107 episodes of acute lobar ICH. SAH was present in 82/107 (76%) and FLP in 62/107 (58%), resulting in a sensitivity of 76% for SAH and 58% for FLP. In 56 (52%), both markers were present. Nineteen (18%) lobar ICH showed no SAH extension or FLP. ICH volume was significantly associated with presence of SAH (median volume 4 versus 28 mL; P =0.001) and presence of FLP (median volume 7 versus 39 mL; P <0.001). With an ICH volume of ≥40 mL, the sensitivity of the presence of both SAH and FLP was >81% (95% CI, 70%–92%), whereas in ICH volumes <15 mL the sensitivity was <50%. Conclusions: The computed tomography-based Edinburgh criteria seem to be a sensitive diagnostic test for CAA-associated lobar ICH, although they should be used with caution in small-sized lobar ICH.