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American Heart Association, Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine, 2020

DOI: 10.1161/circgen.120.002911

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SCN5A Mutation Type and a Genetic Risk Score Associate Variably with Brugada Syndrome Phenotype in SCN5A Families

This paper was not found in any repository, but could be made available legally by the author.
This paper was not found in any repository, but could be made available legally by the author.

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Data provided by SHERPA/RoMEO

Abstract

Background - Brugada syndrome (BrS) is characterized by the type 1 Brugada ECG pattern. Pathogenic rare variants in SCN5A (mutations) are identified in 20% of BrS families in whom incomplete penetrance and genotype-negative phenotype-positive individuals are observed. E1784K- SCN5A is the most common SCN5A mutation identified. We determined the association of a BrS genetic risk score (BrS-GRS) and SCN5A mutation type on BrS phenotype in BrS families with SCN5A mutations. Methods - Subjects with a spontaneous type 1 pattern or positive/negative drug challenge from cohorts harboring SCN5A mutations were recruited from 16 centers (n=312). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) previously associated with BrS at genome-wide significance were studied in both cohorts: rs11708996, rs10428132 and rs9388451. An additive linear genetic model for the BrS-GRS was assumed (6 SNP risk alleles). Results - In the total population (n=312), BrS-GRS ≥4 risk alleles yielded an odds ratio (OR) of 4.15 for BrS phenotype (95%CI:1.45-11.85, p=0.0078). Amongst SCN5A -positive individuals (n=258), BrS-GRS ≥4 risk alleles yielded an odds ratio (OR) of 2.35 (95%CI:0.89-6.22, p=0.0846). In SCN5A -negative relatives (n=54), BrS-GRS ≥4 alleles yielded and OR of 22.29 (95%CI:1.84-269.30, p=0.0146). Among E1784K- SCN5A positive family members (n=79), hosting ≥4 risk alleles gave an OR=5.12 (95%CI:1.93-13.62, p=0.0011). Conclusions - Common genetic variation is associated with variable expressivity of BrS phenotype in SCN5A families, explaining in part incomplete penetrance and genotype-negative phenotype-positive individuals. SCN5A mutation genotype and a BrS-GRS associate with BrS phenotype but the strength of association varies according to presence of a SCN5A mutation and severity of loss of function.