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Translational Animal Science, 2020

DOI: 10.1093/tas/txaa171

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Can the digestibility of corn distillers dried grains with solubles fed to pigs at two stages of growth be enhanced through management of particle size using a hammermill or a roller mill?

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Distributing this paper is prohibited by the publisher

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Abstract

Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the impact of reducing the mean particle size (PS) of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) with a hammermill (HM) or with a roller mill (RM) on the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of DM, GE, N, Acid hydrolyzed ether extract (AEE) and fiber components in growing and finishing pigs. Twenty-four growing barrows were housed in individual pens and were randomly assigned to a 3 × 2 factorial design (n=8): three grinding methods (GMs; either corn DDGS ground with a HM to a PS of 450 μm; corn DDGS ground with a RM to a PS of 450 μm; and corn DDGS with a PS of 670 μm [not further ground]) and two BW periods (growing pigs with an average initial BW of 54.7 ± 0.9 kg, and a finishing pigs with an average initial BW of 107.8 ± 1.5 kg BW). Fecal samples were collected for each BW period in the last 3 d of an 11 d feeding period. Titanium dioxide was used as an indigestible marker. Digestibility data were analyzed using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Results showed that finishing pigs tended to have better ATTD of DM than growing pigs (P = 0.09) and had increased ATTD of GE and N than growing pigs (P = 0.03 and P & 0.01, respectively). On the other hand, growing pigs had better ATTD of AEE than finishing pigs (P = 0.01). Pig BW period did not affect the ATTD of NDF, ADF, and hemicellulose. Reducing the mean PS of corn DDGS with either HM or RM (from 670 to 450 µm) improved the ATTD of DM and GE (P & 0.01 and P & 0.01), tended to improve the ATTD of N (P = 0.08) and improved the ATTD of AEE (P & 0.01). No effect of reducing PS was observed for the ATTD of NDF, ADF, or hemicellulose. There were no differences between HM and RM in any of the ATTD variables tested. In conclusion, reducing PS of corn DDGS from 670 to 450μm either with a HM or with a RM improved the digestibility of DM, GE, AEE, and modestly improved digestibility of N in growing and finishing pigs. However, reducing the PS of corn DDGS did not affect the digestibility of fiber components.