SAGE Publications (UK and US), Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease, (12), p. 1759720X2093796, 2020
Osteoarthritis (OA) is an evolving chronic joint disease with a huge global impact. Given the intricate nature of the etiopathogenesis and subsequent high heterogeneity in the clinical course of OA, it is crucial to discriminate between etiopathogenic endotypes and clinical phenotypes, especially in the early stages of the disease. In this sense, we propose that an OA phenotype should be properly assessed with a set of outcome measures including those specifically related to the main underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Thus, each OA phenotype can be related to different and clinically meaningful outcomes. OA phenotyping would lead to an adequate patient stratification in well-designed clinical trials and the discovery of precise therapeutic approaches. A significant effort will be required in this field in light of inconclusive results of clinical trials of tissue-targeting agents for the treatment of OA.