Oxford University Press (OUP), Neuro-Oncology, Supplement_6(21), p. vi245-vi246, 2019
Abstract INTRODUCTION Postponing adjuvant treatment after resection in IDH-mutated low-grade glioma (LGG) seems appropriate in selected patients. Here we describe the clinical course of these patients during post-resection active monitoring with MRI scans, as literature on this topic is scarce. METHODS We included IDH-mutated LGG patients that underwent surgery between 2003–2016, with clinical follow-up including MR scans available. Samples were classified according to the 2016 WHO classification. We collected baseline clinical information, estimates of seizure control during follow-up, longitudinal evolution of post-resection LGG volumes when adjuvant therapy was postponed, and the clinicians’ reasons to either start immediate adjuvant treatment or postpone treatment, and reasons to initiate adjuvant treatment in later stage. We compared patients that underwent immediate postsurgical adjuvant treatment with patients that underwent active MRI monitoring until further progression. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS 197 patients were included, of which 108 were IDH-mutated astrocytomas, and 89 were oligodendrogliomas. Of these, 97 patients were actively followed with MRI scans, and 100 patients underwent immediate adjuvant therapy after initial surgery. Patients that received immediate adjuvant therapy were older and had less extensive resections than patients wherein adjuvant treatment was postponed (median age 45 years vs. 37 years, P< 0.001; median postoperative tumor volume 31cm3 vs 2.68cm3, P< 0.001). The duration of the active surveillance period in the patients wherein adjuvant treatment was postponed correlated with the extent of resection, with shorter time until adjuvant treatment in case of larger postoperative tumor volumes. All LGG lesions showed continuous growth during the active surveillance period, with median growth rates of 3mm/year for oligodendrogliomas and 4mm/year in IDH- mutated astrocytomas (P = 0.0093). Seizures were well controlled, with the majority of patients using only one anti-epileptic drug. The majority of patients stayed asymptomatic during follow-up, and the reason to initiate further adjuvant treatment was always radiological growth.