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PeerJ, PeerJ, (7), p. e7489, 2019

DOI: 10.7717/peerj.7489



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Pyriproxyfen, a juvenile hormone analog, damages midgut cells and interferes with behaviors of Aedes aegypti larvae

This paper is made freely available by the publisher.
This paper is made freely available by the publisher.

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Juvenile hormone analogs (JHA) are known to interfere with growth and biosynthesis of insects with potential for insecticide action. However, there has been comparatively few data on morphological effects of JHA on insect organs. To determine pyriproxyfen effects on Aedes aegypti larvae, we conducted toxicity, behavioral bioassays and assessed ultrastructural effects of pyriproxyfen on midgut cells. A. aegypti larvae were exposed in aqueous solution of pyriproxyfen LC50 concentrations and evaluated for 24 h. This study fulfilled the toxic prevalence of pyriproxyfen to A. aegypti larvae (LC50 = 8.2 mg L−1). Behavioral observations confirmed that pyriproxyfen treatment significantly changes swimming behavior of larvae, limiting its displacement and speed. The pyriproxyfen causes remarkable histopathological and cytotoxic alterations in the midgut of larvae. Histopathological study reveals presence of cytoplasmic vacuolization and damage to brush border of the digestive cells. The main salient lesions of cytotoxic effects are occurrence of cell debris released into the midgut lumen, cytoplasm rich in lipid droplets, autophagosomes, disorganized microvilli and deformed mitochondria. Data suggest that pyriproxyfen can be used to help to control and eradicate this insect vector.